After lengthy negotiations, the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and the joint declaration of the Afghan U.S. government were signed in February 2020. These agreements were seen as necessary and important first steps for intra-Afghan negotiations – and thus to achieve peace in Afghanistan – but they do not guarantee that intra-Afghan negotiations will be successful. The agreement is part of more than 18 months of peace talks – and nine rounds – involving Khalilzad, Taliban representatives, Afghan government delegations and many other special representatives or envoys from neighbouring or regional countries and international organizations. The signing of the agreement was preceded by a seven-day reduction in the violence agreement, seen as a test of the Taliban`s ability to control their armed forces. But the Taliban have their own leadership problems. The team negotiating the Doha peace agreement does not necessarily argue in favour of Taliban commanders on the ground, who may not be ready or able to give up the fight and lay down their arms. This leaves room for continued struggle, even after an agreement in Kabul. Like the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, the United States agreed to reduce its troops to 8,600 within the first 135 days of the signing of the agreement and to withdraw all its troops within 14 months until the Taliban complied with their agreement with the United States. The United States also agreed to continue to seek funds for the training, equipment and advice of the Afghan security forces. In February 2019, a new round of talks took place in Qatar, this time with Baradar in the Taliban delegation – he had been released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States.   Khalilzad stated that this round of negotiations was “more productive than in the past” and that a draft peace agreement had been concluded. The agreement included the withdrawal of U.S.
and international troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban, which did not allow other jihadist groups to operate inside the country.  The Taliban also announced progress in the negotiations.  A peaceful solution to the ongoing war in Afghanistan could now be within reach.